As a student of critical thinking and decision-making, I was more than surprised while reading Daniel Kahneman (author of Thinking, Fast and Slow), Olivier Sibony, and Cass Sunstein’s book, Noise, A Flaw in Human Judgment.  The authors highlight the importance of a specific type of error in human judgment: noise, or the random variability of decisions amongst a group of people presented with the same information.  They painstakingly explain why noise matters, why there’s so much more of it than we realize, and how to reduce it. Continue reading

Many of us have long known the power of positive thinking, self-talk, and affirmations. It’s easy to say we should be more positive and optimistic, but how do we do that? Continue reading